Validity and Reliability of Asbestos Knowledge and Awareness Questionnaire for Environmental Asbestos Exposure in Rural AreasSelma Metintaş1, Güntülü Ak2, Şenay Yılmaz2, Filiz Boğar3, Muzaffer Metintaş2
1Department of Public Health, Lung and Pleural Cancers Research and Clinical Center, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
2Department of Chest Diseases, Lung and Pleural Cancers Research and Clinical Center, Eskişehir Osmangazi University School of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey
3Lung and Pleural Cancers Research and Clinical Center Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey
Objective: There is no treatment for asbestosrelated diseases, but they can be prevented. One of the first interventions is to improve the knowledge level of people in order to protect people from asbestos and asbestosrelated diseases. The present study was conducted to develop a questionnaire for measuring the knowledge and awareness level of asbestos and also assess its validity and reliability in a rural population that is exposed to asbestos environmentally. Keywords: Asbestos, environmental exposure, questionnaire, reliability, validity
Methods: A questionnaire, intervieweradministered, that included 37 items was employed on a convenient sample consisting of adult persons who attended a tertiary teaching hospital in Eskişehir where asbestos exposure is widespread in its rural areas. After assessment of validity and reliability of the results, the questionnaire was refined to 19 items and one subscale.
Results: A total of 760 participants were included in this study. The mean age of participants was 53.2±15.1 years and 51.6% of them were male. The discrimination and difficulty indices of the asbestos knowledge and awareness questionnaire ranged between 20.060.5% and 0.390.98, respectively. Cronbachs alpha coefficient was 0.951 for overall items. The median (minmax) and mean (SD) score of the study population were 30 (1956) and 33.9 (11.9), respectively. The score increased correspondingly with greater knowledge levels.
Conclusion: This questionnaire is a practical and easy tool to apply with acceptable reliability and validity on high-risk adults in rural areas with environmental asbestos exposure.
Selma Metintaş, Güntülü Ak, Şenay Yılmaz, Filiz Boğar, Muzaffer Metintaş. Validity and Reliability of Asbestos Knowledge and Awareness Questionnaire for Environmental Asbestos Exposure in Rural Areas. Eurasian J Pulmonol. 2017; 19(1): 34-40
Corresponding Author: Güntülü Ak, Türkiye